Phytosanitary workers carry out an extensive program in the province of Las Tunas to generalize the application of biological means, in charge of controlling pests that affect crops and products stored in the post-harvest stage, as well as being environmentally friendly.
Las Tunas, Cuba.- The use of these resources as substitutes for chemical pesticides and fertilizers is a guarantee of sustainable agriculture and a necessity in current times when only some national inputs are available and the will of food producers, plus the advice of specialists.
Data from the United Nations Organization assure that 40 percent of the world's food crops are lost every year due to pests and plant diseases, which seriously damages the activity. To minimize this situation, the Plant Health Department of the Delegation of the Ministry of Agriculture works, as reported by its director, Odalis Peralta Cervantes.
For this reason, the first task is training the production bases on the use of these products to avoid the multiplication of harmful fungi and insects and to minimize the effects in the current circumstances, which demand an increase in planting, yields and harvested products.
For this purpose, the performance of the Entomophagy and Entomopathogen Reproduction Centers, Plant Health laboratories and territorial Plant Protection stations is vital for the surveillance, control and combat of external agents that decrease yields.
The territory of Las Tunas has accumulated a positive experience, since in the last months in almost the whole country an infestation of Megalurothrips usitatus or bean trip was registered, and in none of this province municipalities were there any affectations; on the contrary, the province was chosen to guarantee the cowpea seed that a good part of the Island requires.
Due to the shortage of fertilizers, pesticides and chemical nutrients, the monitoring, tracking and confrontation of different pathogens and the generalization of bio-preparations are increased to improve production while protecting the environment.